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Minorities in Israel

According to the Central Bureau of Statistics, at the end of 2021, Israel had 6 873 000 Jews, 1 671 000 Muslims, 179 000 Christians, and 146 000 Druze.1 671 000 Muslims, 179 000 Christians, and 146 000 Druze.


The State of Israel assures equal rights and equality for minority groups, as mentioned in the Declaration of Independence.

The State of Israel (...) will ensure complete equality of social and political rights for all its inhabitants irrespective of religion, race, or sex; it will guarantee freedom of religion, conscience, language, education, and culture; it will safeguard the Holy Places of all religions.

According to these principles, people belonging to minorities can practice their religion, build houses of prayer, enable marriage and divorce based on religious laws, manage religious courts and cemeteries, and maintain an education system based on religion and cultural principles.

People from minorities have the right to vote, be elected to the Knesset, and build political movements to promote their interests and points of view.

However, in practice, there are disparities between minorities and majorities, especially on income, access to higher education, or land/estate ownership.


These disparities cause a significant challenge for the State of Israel, causing perpetual disputes between groups.


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