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Beyond the Walls of Jerusalem

During the second part of the 19th century, Jerusalem started to expand, and new neighborhoods were built outside the old city after thousands of years in which the residents of Jerusalem lived between the old walls.


Christian people and wealthy Arabs were among the first to settle in new areas. On the other hand, Jewish leaders and philanthropists helped establish new Jewish neighborhoods.

The construction of new Jewish neighborhoods was accompanied by fears about residents' safety.

Robbers and gangs operating outside these neighborhoods threatened their safety. They had to lock the neighborhood gates every evening at sunset. The neighborhoods looked like fortresses, and heavy gates were placed at the entrances and locked every evening. The doors and windows of its buildings were facing an inner courtyard.


These newly formed neighborhoods strongly impacted the design of Jerusalem's constructions. We recommend you check out our special map to visualize the location of these new places.


We can understand the impact of these newly built neighborhoods by looking at the split of Jewish inhabitants living in the Old City and the New City over the years.

  • In 1880: 19 000 (Old City) / 2000 (New City)

  • In 1900: 15 000 / 16 000

  • In 1910: 16 000 / 29 000

  • In 1931: 5 500 / 48 500

  • In 1948: 2000 / 98 000

During that time, the Jewish population in the Old Yishuv grew from 6000 at the beginning of the 19th century, to more than 26000 in 1880.


Sources:

Wikipedia






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